OF THE GLAGOLITIC ALPHABET
New facts revealing the phonetic and graphic similarities of 20 Glagolitic letters with 20
graphemes from Linear A script, and 23 Glagolitic letters with 23 graphemes from Linear
B script, and graphic similarities of additional 13 Glagolitic letters with 13 graphemes from
Linear A, and 9 Glagolitic letters with 9 graphemes from Linear B, push back the beginning
of the creation of Glagolitic alphabet from 9th Century AD to approx. 18th Century BC. The
resemblance of Glagolitic letters to Venetic symbols of 5th Century BC and Scytho-Sarmatian
runes of 1st-3rd Century AD shows the transition between the Linear scripts of 2nd millennium
BC and the Medieval Slavic alphabet. Evidence is presented that the sacred Slavic script and
the archaic writing system of the Aegean region have their common roots in the Neolithic
script of the Balkans – ancient Slavic lands.
There aren’t many societies, which have independently developed their own alphabet
perfectly suitable for the peculiarities of their speech. Highly developed cultures, i.e. Greeks
and Romans, had to adopt their writing systems from earlier literate traditions.
Putatively, the first Slavic alphabet – Glagolitsa is considered to be invented and
introduced in the 9th Century AD. In fact there are many theories about the origin and
the age of the Glagolitic alphabet. I. Taylor and V. Jagić claimed that Glagolitic was derived
from some kind of cursive Greek alphabet from 9th Century AD, while V. Vondrak, R.
Nahtigal, F. Fortunatov and others suggested that Cyril took his inspiration from Oriental
scripts: Hebrew, Samaritan and Coptic. Quite different was the opinion of G. Černohvostov,
whose theory was presented posthumously by V. Kiparsky. According to Černohvostov
Glagolitic script represents important Christian symbols: the cross – in character (a);
the circle – symbol of God’s eternity – in characters ; the
triangle – symbol of the Holy Trinity – in character  p. 35-36.
The opinions about the age differ as well. According to J. Dobrovsky, Glagolitic alphabet
was created in 13th Century AD, i.e. centuries after the Cyrilic alphabet was already in use.
J. Kopitar disagreed and pointed out that the rounded Glagolitic script is older than the
straight Croatian version, after which Dobrovsky recanted his view  p. 33.